Materials Science and Engineering
Dr. Harrington has over thirty years of research experience in the area of optical properties of solids. Since 1977, he has worked on all aspects of infrared fibers including fabrication, characterization, and applications. He is generally recognized as one of the world's leading experts in this continually evolving field. His current research interests include the development of specialty fiber optics for use in the delivery of laser power in surgical and industrial applications and for use as chemical and radiometric fiber sensors. Specifically, the newest and most successful of these specialty fibers is the hollow glass waveguide (HGW), which was invented at Rutgers by Dr. Harrington and his students. Initially intended for the delivery of CO2 laser radiation in laser surgery, HGWs are now use not only to deliver IR laser power but also as fiber links in spectroscopic and thermometric applications aimed at the identification of chemical species and the measurement of low and high (>1500°C) temperature radiation. As a result of their universal acceptance, the patented HGW technology is one of the most actively licensed technologies within Rutgers. He is also the inventor of the hollow sapphire and alumina waveguides, which are used today in certain laser surgical applications. Other research activities include the development of diffusing-tip silica fibers for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and prostate surgery, the growth of single-crystal sapphire and yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fibers using laser-heated pedestal growth (LHPG), and infrared fibers for use in military CO2 laser-threat warning receivers.
In 2005, Dr. Harrington was selected to work at the U.S. Department of State as a Jefferson Science Fellow. He works as a science advisor within the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation where he assists in the establishment of controls for dual-use high technology goods. Specifically, his work with the Departments of State, Defense, and Commerce, and the 40 nations making up the Wassenaar Arrangement has helped establish controls for lasers and detectors.
As Director of Infrared Fiber Operations for Heraeus LaserSonics, he was in charge of the research and development of fiber optics for delivering infrared laser power in surgical applications. He was the developer of a new class of polycrystalline salt fibers and the inventor of hollow, ceramic and sapphire CO2 fibers. These fibers were incorporated into the first fiber/CO2 laser delivery system for use in gynecology and arthroscopy which, in its first year on the market, had sales exceeding one million dollars. Other research activities include the development of diffusing-tip silica fibers for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and prostate surgery, thin film coatings for hollow waveguides, and infrared fibers for use in an Army -sponsored, CO2 laser-threat warning receivers.
Professor Harrington's teaching responsibilities during the 2016-2017 academic year are:
- Fall 2016: Advanced Optical Materials, 16:635:505
- Spring 2017: TBD
- Editor, Tutorial Text series, SPIE Press, 2008
- Chair, Engineering, Science, Technology Policy Committee, SPIE, 2004
- Member, Joint Advocacy for Optics and Photonics, SPIE/OSA, 2004
- Executive Committee, SPIE, Immediate Past President, 2003
- President, SPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2002
- Vice President, SPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2001
- Officer of SPIE and Member of Executive Committee of SPIE, 1996-2003
- Fellow of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering (1998)
Fellow, Optical Society of America (1990)
Member, American Physical Society
- Treasurer, Executive Committee, International Commission for Optics (ICO), 2008-2011
- Member, U.S. Liaison Committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), 2006-2008
- Chairman, U.S. Advisory Committee for the International Commission for Optics (ICO), 2006-2008
- Member, U.S. National Committee Chairs, hosted by the National Academy of Science, 2006-2008
- Jefferson Science Fellowship, US Department of State, 2005-2006
- Research & Development Council of New Jersey, 2004 Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award
- Travel grant for lecturing at Tohoku University, October, 2004
- Program Co-Chairman for twelve SPIE conferences on Infrared Optical Materials and Fibers
- Educational short courses on Infrared Fiber Optics and Fibers in Medicine and Surgery for SPIE, OSA, US Army, and Rutgers Continuing Education
- National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences travel grant award for travel and study in Russia, June, 1991
- Visiting Professor, University of Rennes, Rennes, France, June, 1994
- Monbusho travel grant for traveling and lecturing in Japan, July, 1992
- Johnson & Johnson Discovery Grant, 1991-1993
- Charles and Johanna Busch Memorial Fund Award, 1991-1992
- Serves on scientific advisory boards of EndoVasix and OmniGuide Communications.
- Holder of 12 patents on specialty fiber optics and medical devices
- Special Achievement Award and Best Scientific Paper, Naval Research Laboratory, 1973
- Specialty fiber optics
- Infrared fiber optics including single-crystal sapphire fibers and hollow glass waveguides
- Laser power delivery systems: laser surgery, printing and marking, and industrial laser delivery
- Fiber optic sensors: chemical sensors, fibers for thermometry
Citations and Papers
- “Modes in silver-iodide-lined hollow metallic waveguides mapped by terahertz near field time-domain microscopy,” Miguel Navarro-Cia, Carlos M. Bledt, Miriam S. Vitiello,\ Harvey E. Beere, David A. Ritchie, James A. Harrington, and Oleg Mitrofanov, J. Optical Society of America (JOSA B), 30, 127-136 (2013).
- “Fabrication and optical properties of single-crystal YAG fiber optics,” Brian T. Laustsen and James A. Harrington, in Solid State Lasers XXI: Technology and Devices, ed. W.A. Clarkson and R.K. Shori, , Proc. of SPIE, 8235, 823505-1 (2012).
- “Investigation of tapered silver/silver halide coated hollow glass waveguides for the transmission of CO2 laser radiation,” Carlos M. Bledt, Daniel V. Kopp, James A. Harrington, Saiko Kino, Yuji Matsuura, and Jason M. Kriesel, in Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics and Treatment Applications XII, ed. I. Gannot, Proc. of SPIE,8218, 821802 (2012).
- “Silver and silver/polystyrene coated hollow glass waveguides for the transmission of visible and infrared radiation,” Carlos M. Bledt and James A. Harrington, in Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics and Treatment Applications XII, ed. I. Gannot, Proc. of SPIE,8218, 821809 (2012).
- “Multilayer silver/dielectric thin-film coated hollow waveguides for sensor and laser power delivery applications,” Carlos M. Bledt, James A. Harrington, and Jason M. Kriesel, in Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics and Treatment Applications XII, ed. I. Gannot, Proc. of SPIE,8218, 82180H (2012).
- “Loss and modal properties of Ag/AgI hollow glass waveguides,” Carlos M. Bledt, James A. Harrington, and Jason M. Kriesel, Applied Optics 51, 3114-3119 (2012).
- “Flexible, low-loss waveguide designs for efficient coupling to quantum cascade lasers in the far infrared,” Ugo S. de Cumis, J-H Xu, Carlos M. Bledt, James A. Harrington, Alessandro Tredicucci, Miriam Vitiello, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 33, 319-326 (2012).
- “Coupling external cavity mid-IR quantum cascade lasers with low loss metallic/dielectric hollow waveguides,” Pietro Patimisco1, Vincenzo Spagnolo, Miriam S. Vitiello, Alessandro Tredicucci, Gaetano Scamarcio, Carlos M. Bledt, and James A. Harrington, Applied Physics B, 10.1007/s00340-012-4891-2 (2012).